A Micro-Reference Electrode for Electrode Resolved Impedance and Potential Measurements in All-Solid-State Battery Pouch Cells and Its Application to the Study of Indium-Lithium Anodes
Sedlmeier, C., Schuster, R., Schramm, C. and Gasteiger, H.A., 2023. A Micro-Reference Electrode for Electrode-Resolved Impedance and Potential Measurements in All-Solid-State Battery Pouch Cells and Its Application to the Study of Indium-Lithium Anodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 170(3), p.030536.
PI-KEM Product referenced:
Nickel tab with an adhesive polymer tape
Impedance measurements are a powerful tool to investigate interfaces in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). In order to deconvolute the anode and cathode contributions to the cell impedance, a reference electrode (RE) is required. However, there are only very few reports on the use of a three-electrode setup with an RE for all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs), which is due to the complexity of integrating an RE with a suitable geometry into the typical ASSB test cells that are based on a compressed electrolyte pellet. In this study, we present a straightforward approach to implement a micro-reference electrode (μ-RE) for electrode-resolved impedance and potential measurements into ASSB pouch cells. The μ-RE consists of an insulated ∼64 μm diameter gold wire that is sandwiched between two Li6PS5Cl/polymer separator sheets and activated by in situ electrochemical lithiation. Using this μ-RE, we investigate the electrode potential and the accessibility of cyclable lithium at the separator interface of indium-lithium anodes, which are prepared by stacking lithium and indium foils with a molar excess of indium. We compare two different cell assembly configurations, with the separator faced by either (i) the formerly In-side or (ii) the formerly Li-side, showing that only the latter case provides a reservoir of cyclable lithium.
Impedance, Lithium-ion batteries, Electrodes, Pouch cell, Lithium
Christian Sedlmeier,1,2 Robin Schuster,1,2 Carina Schramm,1, and Hubert A. Gasteiger 1,
Organisation / Department Address:
- Chair for Technical Electrochemistry, Department of Chemistry and Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstraße 4, D-85748 Garching, Germany
- TUMint·Energy Research GmbH, Lichtenbergstraße 4. D-85748 Garching, Germany